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The State of Modern Rap and Hip-Hop

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Rap has been a part of our culture worldwide as the youth listen to songs from all around the world connecting to one another through generational music. It’s safe to say that a certain trend of music usually defines the entire generation and rap and hip-hop have played a huge role in today’s music. Although there have been a lot of trends that have come and gone, hip-hop is still widely appreciated and respected.

Even in Singapore, the youth are very involved in hip-hop music. The older generations on the other hand still have a hard time getting into the modern style of music as they haven’t been used to the genre. Hip-hop and pop music has been going hand-in-hand throughout the 2000s as most of the popular songs turn out to be hip-hop. Amazingly, hip-hop has even managed to top over alternative music which is a common favorite of pop chart ratings.

Among the pop chart ratings, it’s easy to spot a couple of hip-hop tracks along with the mainstream pop songs. Even in hip-hop, there has been a lot of change and arguments as to the modern day hip-hop which we experience nowadays. There’s been a lot of debate going on as to if the new style of rapping which is known as “mumble rap” is actually acceptable.

Well, this debate has been going on and new rappers usually get disrespected because of their unorthodox way of mumbling the lyrics instead of actually verbalizing them. Sometimes as a listener, it becomes a bit hard to differentiate the two because of how music continuously changes and evolves. From one specific structure to another, music is constantly changing even to the point that we aren’t able to differentiate the original genre of our music anymore.

The modern rappers have started a trend of simplifying their lyrics. Instead of a complicated long verse or chorus, they would just talk about things that may seem light and then add a line or two about things that are really deep. Basically the new school rappers do not like talking as much and would rather focus on the things they want to focus on.

Rap is a means of communication and the way the new school rappers rap sort of reflects how our generation talks to each other. Instead of depth, we focus on highlight. Instead of getting connected, we fall into intimacy really quick. Maybe with this analogy, you’ll appreciate modern rappers more. Give it a shot, who knows, you might actually like them. Music is music no matter what language you are speaking. Sometimes you don’t need to understand music, sometimes you just need to appreciate it.

5 Tricks to Nailing That No-Makeup Makeup Look


Although its name suggests pulling off an au naturel look, it’s no secret that achieving this effortless look actually requires the actual use of makeup. In fact, it’s even more difficult to keep the coverage to a minimum while aiming to achieve that flawless finish. To help you master the art of barely-there makeup, we asked a group of professional makeup artists to share the tricks of the trade – and some of those tricks are as follows:

1. Powder and Conceal Only Where Needed
Opting for a heavy-coverage foundation will only ruin your chances of achieving this look before you even begin. Your goal is to keep things to a minimum – especially the coverage – so you can make your beauty look appear as natural as possible.

2. Highlight the High Points of Your Face
Achieve that healthy-looking skin by getting your highlighting game on point. Ideally, you should apply your highlighter where the light naturally hits your face, such as the centre part of your lids, the high points of your cheeks, the bridge of your nose, the inner corner of your eyes, and on your cupids bow. With this, you’ll achieve that healthy glow you’ve always wanted.

3. Apply Bronzer on Your Lids
Use your bronzer as an alternative to your usual eyeshadow. To pull off the au naturel look, simply ditch your usual greys and pinks for a more neutral palette to give your peepers just enough tinge of colour.

4. Wear a Thin Coat of Mascara
Let your pretty doe eyes take the centre stage, but don’t overdo it by wearing a set of bold falsies. If you’re blessed with lashes that are long enough, simply applying a coat or two of your favourite mascara will do the trick; if you want to look a bit dolled up, however, then opt for individual lashes that you may customize as you see fit.

5. Use the Right Lipstick Shade
Most celebrity makeup artists use lipstick as a blush to maintain the skin texture, as well as to make the beauty look appear uniform. The key here is to choose and use a lipstick shade that’s closest to your natural lip colour, and use it on your cheeks and lips to achieve a consistent soft wash of colour.

Mastering the no-makeup beauty look isn’t that difficult and tricky if you just know the basic do’s and don’ts of the said makeup look. So be sure to keep these tricks in mind, and you’ll be able to nail that barely-there look with so much ease.

Best Ways to Get Rid of Hormonal Acne


Getting acne breakouts during that time of the month can be a real drag, especially if you’re experiencing menstrual cramps along with it. But while it seems inevitable, there are actually a lot of ways on how you can help yourself in lessening the severity of your monthly breakouts. Here, we listed down some of the best ways on how you could possibly keep your hormonal spots at bay.

1. Switch Up Your Diet
One way of dealing with your hormonal acne is to tweak your diet. You can start by eliminating dairy milk – especially skim milk – from your diet, as it contains pimple-producing hormones. If you need to continue drinking milk, opt for a healthier and tastier alternative like almond milk. Aside from milk, you should also limit your consumption of high glycaemic index foods like pasta, rice and white bread.

2. Augment With Supplements
While going on a healthy diet can make a major difference in your health and skin, remember that you can always use some extra help. Supplements like chlorophyll, spirulina, zinc and fish oils are known to help control oil, replenish lipids and detoxify the skin. So be sure to take these supplements consistently to achieve a healthier and more resilient skin.

3. Drink Green Tea
Drinking green tea offers a lot of health benefits, and improving your skin’s condition is another reason to just guzzle a cup of this drink. Green tea is loaded with antioxidants that help fight off inflammation, unstable insulin level, and increased hormonal levels – all of which contribute to the appearance of hormonal acne. To get the best results, ensure that you drink three cups of green tea a day.

4. Consume Good Bacteria
Eat a yogurt with live and active cultures or take a probiotic supplement once a day. Probiotics work by helping your gut in easing inflammation that triggers a myriad of skin problems, including acne.

5. Prevention is the Key
The best way to treat acne is to prevent it before it even appears – and with hormonal acne, you can pretty much guess when and where the zits will pop. So use this knowledge to your advantage and start applying acne-fighting products several days before your period starts. Opt for cleansers that contain benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid to spot treat your zits.

Bad habits are definitely challenging to break, but making small lifestyle changes such as eating healthier and supplementing your diet will certainly help in doing wonders both for your skin and your overall health.

5 Factors to Consider Before Moving Out


As you start your journey to adulthood, you might already be considering the idea of moving out. Perhaps you’re also considering it because of your desire to be independent or things like heavy traffic. But before spending your savings to rent your own place, ensure that you first consider all the adjustments and changes you need to deal with independent. Here are five things you should consider before you get your own space.

1. Expenditures

Paying your rent isn’t the only thing you need to consider when you decide to move out of your home. There are bills, groceries, association dues and other expenses that you might not have thought about. For that reason, ensure that you list down everything you need to start spending on before deciding to leave your family home. Doing this will certainly give you an idea about what your expenses will be and prepare you financially for when you move out.

2. Location of Your Space

Other than the extra expenses, the location of your potential condo is another important factor to consider before deciding to move out. Are there any convenience stores or supermarkets that are close to the place? Is your office close enough? Do you see some sketchy people hanging out across the street? Answer these questions by exploring the area and deciding whether or not you’ll feel comfortable living in it.

3. Furniture or Appliances

Perhaps you think that you can get away by bringing furniture from your family home and moving them to your new place – but do understand that you can’t take everything with you. Your best option is to browse through buy-and-sell websites to purchase new or pre-loved furniture at a fraction of the cost. You can work on your interior over time, since the first thing you need to ensure when you’re moving out is that you feel comfortable and at-home in your new nook.

4. Things You’ll Give Up

If you’re planning to live away from your family, then there’s a good chance that you won’t be eating home-cooked meals on a regular basis. You might end up missing your mom’s cooking after bingeing on fast food meals for a week. This means you’ll need to invest in some good cooking tools if you want to copy your favourite homemade dishes.

5. Things You Need to Start Doing

Other than letting go of some things or activities you used to do in your family, getting your own space also allows you to start doing the things you’ve always wanted to do. Having your own place means you have every right do whatever hobby you like, so better start shopping all the things you need to pursue your passion.

Gaining independence may seem intimidating, but it does have its own perks. You might need to give up some of your comfort you used to enjoy, but your efforts will certainly be worth it later on.

A Guide to Efficiently Use Pinterest for Your Business


You created a Pinterest page for your business. That’s a good move, but are you really using it to its full advantage? Knowing the right Pinterest strategy will help you in gathering followers and reaching your business goals faster. But how can you ensure that you’re making the most out of your Pinterest boards? Simply put the following tips to work.

1. Fill Out Everything in Your Profile

This may sound basic, but a good number of people actually skip this step. To get the most benefit out of Pinterest, ensure that your profile is completely filled with the information about your business, along with the links to your Facebook page or any other networking site that you prefer. It’d also be a good idea to set your company logo as the primary photo if you’re working with a team. If you’re running your business on your own, however, then it’d be better to use your own photo. Clients would normally want to see the face behind the brand, especially with small businesses.

2. Show Variety in Your Pins

Although it’s crucial that you promote your business, it’s also important that you post ideas, resources and other websites that your followers might find useful. Consider it as stitching the best resources together to help establish a better social media following.

3. Develop Unique and Specific Boards

A lot of businesses in Pinterest create boards with general topics. This may appeal to the general audience at first, but they’ll likely turn into something generic later on. So instead of following this trend, choose to be specific and unique with your boards so you could create more buzz. A good example is, instead of a generic recipe board, create a marshmallow recipe board.

4. Personalize Your Account

Instead of sticking with topics that fall within your business’s niche, consider showing a little of your personality in your Pinterest account. Aside from creating boards that might interest your potential clients, develop a board that enables your followers to know who you really are. Create boards about your dream travel destinations, your travel plans, or the moments when you’re having a good time with your family.

5. Use It as a Collaborative Tool

Pinterest is now considered as a great way for people working on the same project to share ideas, images and other resources – especially now that the networking site already allows its users to develop private boards. So if you’re planning to hold a conference or an event, make the most out of this site by getting ideas from all over the web.

Using Pinterest to full advantage is actually quite easy. All you’ve got to do is be creative with your boards and your pins, and you’ll surely be able to reach your business goals in no time.

How to Look Great in Patterned Suits



It’s pretty easy to get dressed in plain suits. Patterned or printed suits are much trickier to pull off, but keep in mind these fashion tips and you’ll surely turn heads—for good reasons—anywhere you go.



Pinstripe is the perfect business suit. It’s a style that’s very popular in the 1920s, but today it’s a little more refined. The key to finding the perfect pinstriped suit is in the stripes. Look for pencil-thin stripes as this gives you a more laidback yet stylish look. There are many different colours to choose from, but navy blue is the most recommended as its versatile, which you can wear from day to night. To complete the look, pair your pinstripe suit with crisp white button-down shirt and dark brown suede monk-strap shoes.


This is perhaps the most flamboyant suit pattern because of its boldness. This type of pattern can be worn as sports and casual jacket or as a whole suit. If you’re brave and feeling bolder, team your windowpane patterned suit with a gingham small chequered button down shirt. Paired with black loafers, a gray windowpane suit would be perfect for any meeting.


This is an iconic suit pattern and is usually seen on blazers and sports jackets. Glencheck is very popular in colder months as it is often seen on woollen fabrics. When dressing up a glencheck suit, it’s ideal to match it with a plain button down shirt instead of a printed or patterned one to avoid overdoing the look. If wearing a navy glencheck, a plain white shirt and black derbys would look exquisite. If going for a grey glencheck, a light blue under shirt and brown oxfords would be an ideal match.


These patterns are often found on jackets and coats and on wool or tweed fabrics to give the material a luxurious and thick feel. A charcoal houndstooth suit looks just appropriate for the office. To complete your look, go match your houndstooth suit with a white button down and a pair of black brogues.

Tips to Wear It Right

  • Your printed suit is already the focal point of your look. So, avoid wearing more eye-catching pieces if you don’t want to look sloppy.
  • Always keep your inner shirt simple. You can never go wrong with a crisp, white dress shirt.
  • If you want to pull off a patterned-on-patterned look, pair a small-patterned suit (like thin stripes) with large-patterned shirt (like larger chequered). If the suit is in larger patterns, balance it with small-patterned shirt.
  • Wear it with confidence. Being stylish isn’t just about the clothes you wear, but also about how you carry yourself.

Patterned suits may be intimidating, but with the right know-how, you’ll realize that pulling it off is no rocket science. The next time you need to attend an event or a meeting, get out of your comfort zone and try this updated and sophisticated look.

Foods to Avoid During Lactation


You are serious about breastfeeding your baby so you researched about the food that can ensure steady supply of breast milk. However, it is equally important that you are aware of the foods to avoid so you won’t commit the mistake of consuming it. Yes, there are foods that you should avoid. Just think that it is best for the baby and avoiding it for a certain period of time won’t hurt you so bad.

Here are the foods to avoid during lactation:

  • Fish with high mercury content: Your baby ingests mercury through you. It is therefore important that you examine your diet. Mercury can have an effect on the development of the baby. Fishes with high mercury content include shark, king mackerel, swordfish and tile fish. Instead of eating these fishes, you can consider healthy ones like shrimp, tuna, salmon, cod, catfish and tilapia. Do not worry because these fishes are readily available here in Singapore.
  • Alcohol: It is fine to have an occasional glass or beer or wine. There is a study that two units of wine or beer once or twice a week will not harm the baby but if you consume more than that, it will lead to abnormal weight gain, drowsiness and impeding of supply of breast milk. If you want to be sure, do not think about alcohol at least for a few years while the baby is still breastfeeding.
  • Caffeine: It is understandable that you want that jolt because of the late night sleep but consuming caffeine is not the solution. The good news is that it is safe to drink your cup of coffee or tea but limit it to only two to three cups every day. More than three cups can lessen haemoglobin levels as well as iron levels in the breast milk.


  • Chocolate: Chocolate holds theobromine – a substance that has similar effect of caffeine. It is okay to consume small quantities but if it is more than 750 mg of theobromine, the baby will surely exhibit fussy and erratic behaviour. This will result to sleeping problems.
  • Sage: if you do not want your lactation to be reduced, do not think about consuming safe. Sage is famous to reduce lactation and it is known to help mothers with weaning. You should be careful consuming high amounts of this herb as it can affect your milk supply.
  • Peanuts: If you are aware that your family has this peanut allergy, you have to avoid it as the baby will ingest it resulting to complications. If you want to eat peanuts, at least wait until you wean.

7 European-Inspired Restaurants to Visit in Singapore



Known for its world-class restaurants, Singapore has a lot to offer for food enthusiasts looking to try something different. But food trips can be hard on your wallet. Why can’t we have good food at reasonable prices? We list down seven that specialize in European cuisine at prices you can afford.

  1. Binomio

Binomio is ideal for family or group gatherings. It has a fine-dining area perfect for group meals and the tapas bar for those looking to try a little bit of everything the restaurant has to offer. Binomio lets its diners experience authentic Spanish dining as it uses only traditional ingredients and cooking methods.

  1. Ola Cocina del Mar

Another excellent Spanish-inspired restaurant. Ola Cocina del Mar is located at Marina Bay Financial Centre. Don’t let its location in the heart of the banking and financial center stop you. It is a must-see place for its paella and tapas and is known for its friendly crew.

  1. Blu Kouzina

Blu Kouzina is an authentic Greek restaurant known for its Taramosalata. Its menu boasts of affordable and fair servings ranging from appetizers to main courses that can be enjoyed by a lone foodie or a group. Blu Kouzina serves only authentic Greek dips and sauces. Not only will Bluu Kouzina satisfy your craving for a Mediterranean adventure. The restaurant is also visually satisfying with its modern Greek ambiance.

  1. Etna

The list would not be complete without at least one Italian restaurant. Etna specializes in contemporary Italian dishes and select wines for that complete experience. With a wide range of authentic pizzas to choose from, the trip is worth it. They serve dishes with imported ingredients from Italy. Not only that, the great service will make you want to some back for more.

  1. Tatsuya

Tatsuya has been around for some time. Its success come from premium servings of excellent Japanese food. One of its best is the Bara Chirashi don set. Visit Tatsuya for its menu sets at half the prices.

  1. Esquina

Known as one of the restaurants to first serve ‘small plates,’ Esquina boasts of its modern Spanish tapa dishes. It is located near post-war buildings, creating an ambiance that goes well with the food. Esquina also changes its menu regularly, offering more choices for the diners with every visit.

  1. Le Bistrot du Sommelier

What better way to enjoy French cuisine than with wine? In fact, Le Bistrot du Sommelier’s philosophy is for the customers to enjoy good food and excellent wine at a friendly price. They even have wine-tasting events for the oenophiles (wine lovers).

You need not go somewhere. You can find the best of the world in Singapore.

5 Book Series for the Jaded Fantasy Fan



The success of the television adaptation of George R. R. Martin’s A Song of Ice and Fire series – a.k.a. HBO’s Game of Thrones – has placed the high fantasy sub-genre in a spotlight. High fantasy is just one of the many specialized fantasy genres that exists. Other successful screen adaptations like The Lord of the Rings and the Harry Potter series have inspired others like them over the last decade.

Because of its popularity, it has become a tendency for some fantasy series to use the same themes and character tropes over and over again. With so many books to choose from, how do you pick those that have something new to offer? This list will guide you to some of the hidden gems in fantasy.

  1. Malazan Book of the Fallen series

Tired of the usual humans, dwarves, elves and orcs that have saturated the genre? This 10-book series by Steven Erikson, with a 6-book complementary series by Ian C. Esslemont, is a breath of fresh air. However, a word of caution: this is perhaps the most complex and ambitious series by far. But with huge battle scenes, a complicated world building and shape-shifting dragons, the reward will surely be worth the journey.

  1. A Land Fit for Heroes by Richard Morgan

This trilogy is unique for its lead character Ringil. Not your usual macho hero who embodies the chivalric, ideal warrior, Riingil has many enemies and always finds himself in trouble. The book also features an alien race and is an alternate world of another science fiction trilogy by the same author.

  1. Mistborn by Brandon Sanderson

Looking for a story that isn’t science fiction but includes an entire planet? Sanderson’s Mistborn will satisfy your needs for a post-apocalyptic empire filled with strange magic. The action scenes are a treat, the characters unforgettable, and the events leading to the ending are an emotional ride.

  1. The Black Company by Glen Cook

What makes this series so special is the limited point of view of the lead character and narrator. Cook managed to describe a complex society ravaged by wars and magic through a veteran soldier’s eyes. Unlike A Song of Ice and Fire, The Black Company is told from the POV not of a nobly-born character, but of an ordinary soldier with neither magical nor special physical abilities. He’s not even some destined hero like Harry Potter.

  1. The Bas-Lag novels by China Mieville

In the world of Bas-Lag, steampunk technology and magic co-exist. The three books, Perdido Street Station, The Scar and Iron Council, do not necessarily make one series, but are three different stories in the same world. While it may be considered more as science fiction with elements of horror than fantasy, the reader will find the same familiar elements in its magic and world building. Readers will enjoy the political and geographical complexity of Bas-Lag. It is unlike any reading experience.

A Simple Guide in Choosing Safe Skin Products



You will be surprised to know that every day the average person rubs, sprays and lathers at least ten different skin care products on his/her body. Remember that the skin is not barrier from these products instead it acts like a sponge – it absorbs the chemicals you apply. Cosmetics manufacturers claim that these chemicals are harmless because of small doses.

But when you think about it, you accumulate such chemicals every day. When it piles up to your body, what happens then? The truth is, no one really knows what these chemicals can do over time. There are no studies that explored its effects. There are many cosmetic companies here in Singapore and it is important that they explore the effects of such chemicals over time.

You haven’t heard someone getting sick because of using a mascara or body wash but the point here is to make sure that the chemicals do not harm you and the environment in the long run. Knowing this, you have to know how to choose the safest skin products. Here is a simple guide:

  • Do not overdo it: Being simple will make your life less stressful. There are many people who are easily enticed to buy products. That is the work of marketers but you have to be aware that sometimes, the results will vary. Do not be fooled by marketers. You need to simplify your regimen. All you need is a cleanser, toner, moisturizer and sunscreen. Other things like creams, potions and lotions are just costs you can do away with.

  • Do not consider fragrance: You opt for products with fragrance because it smells good leaving you feeling good. You have to be aware though that fragrance can contain toxic chemicals that can enter to the body. Artificial fragrances contain phthalates that can cause allergies. Always choose products that are fragrance-free.


  • Do not fall for trends: Again, do not fall for crazy trends and advertising because most of the time, it won’t do you any good. Remember that there is no easy solution on your skin problems and that skin care is a matter of consistency not the products.


  • Make your own skin care treatments: What is the best way to regulate the things that you skin absorbs? You have to make your own skin care treatments. Skin care treatments are just around you if you know what or where to look. This will save you more money plus the feeling of safety. For example, in making face mask, you can combine coconut oil and honey. For your acne, green tea toner can make a difference. You just have to look closely.

Training Healthy and Active Kids



It is crucial that you raise healthy and active kids because it can help them in the conduct of their everyday lives. Parents here in Singapore are encouraged to spend time caring for their kids and move toward a healthier and active lifestyle. There are many ways that you can do to raise fit kids.

Speaking of fit kids, there is an international research conducted by Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario in collaboration with University of North Dakota that identified the fittest kids in the world. The study’s respondents were 1,142,026 kids aged 9 to 17 from 50 countries. To measure the fitness of the kids, the team placed them in a 20 meter shuttle run test or also called Beep Test.

The Beep Test is the most common test to gauge the aerobic fitness of children and teens. The results will amaze you. The fittest kids in the world (in order) are Tanzania, Iceland, Estonia, Norway and Japan. Canada on the other hand is at number 19 while America is at 47. The least fit is Mexico.

With this in mind, it is important that you keep your children healthy and active. Here are the trainings that you can consider for your kids:

  • Aerobic training: Whether your kids are interested in sports or not, it is crucial that you make them do aerobic exercises. Aerobic exercises include running, walking and swimming. Ideally, children (including adults) should at least do a 30-minute aerobic activity every day. Aerobic training is good kind of exercise because it can increase the endurance of the muscles thereby making the circulation of oxygen by the heart effective.

  • Strength training: You think that your kids do not need this and that is where you are wrong, Strength training like pull-ups, push-ups and sit-ups should be encouraged as a part of strength training because it can make the muscles strong. If the muscles are strong, it will protect your kids from having serious injuries. You need to consider exercise that will contract the muscles through resistance. Do not ever leave your kids without your supervision.


  • Flexibility training: You have to train your kids that if they do strenuous activities, they need to stretch first. Stretching is actually part of flexibility training.


That is everything you need to make your kids fit. There will come a day that Singapore will be the number one fittest children in the world. There are many benefits of getting fit so let your kids fully understand it.

Different Ways to Organize Your Shoe Collection



If you’re living in an apartment, you might not have enough space for a walk-in closet, fabulous though that may be. A neatly organized stack of shoes will save time when you dress up because you don’t have to look for the right pair. Your shoes are also protected from damage and dirt.


Here are some ways to store your favorite collection.

In the Closet. The most practical way of storing your shoes is to keep them in individual boxes so they are stacked neatly in a closet. They save space as well as protect your shoes from damage.


On the Shelf. If you wanna show off, take them out of their boxes then place them on a shelf. It does not take up much space plus you can show your friends how stylish you are.


On the Wall. You can place your shoes by hanging them on the walls. Hang them by the pegs. There are ready-made pegs in the market that you can attach to the wall. Hang high-heeled shoes by their heels.


On the Shoe Rack. Shoe racks are practical and a space saver. You can cover the shoe rack to hide your shoes or place it in a closet. Most shoe racks are made of plastic.


Under the Bed. You can place them under the bed to grab your shoes easily when you dress up. Try something new by using other materials for storage or you can also use the shoe boxes to stack them up neatly.


In Other Storage. Get creative. Place your shoes in things you’re never though of before like a shelf made of cut PVC pipes, old boxes with designs, baskets and chests.

On the Stairs. A great way to display your collection is by utilizing the space on the stairs. Place one pair on every step. Careful not to trip though.


On Slide-Out Racks. They can hold a lot of shoes. Save space and even save time looking for your shoes.


On Organizers. There are wall organizers made of plastic or cloth that you can find in shops. Instead of holding letters and other small items, use these for shoe storage.


Inside Drawers. There are drawers available in shops designed for shoe storage besides racks and shelves.


In Shoe Cabinets. There are cabinets made specifically for shoe storage. They are smaller and take up less space than most closets used for clothes.


In a Lazy Susan. It’s a rotating tray or a turntable. You can make a Lazy Susan storage or buy one in shops.


On the Shelves. There are corners in your house which you can use to build shelves. For example, attach tension rods on the walls where you can place your shoes. You can also create a wooden cubby.


Use Hangers. Modify clothes hangers so your shoes then hang these on a rod or rope by the wall.


Alternate Shoes. To save space on the shelf, try alternating each pair of shoes with one facing backward and the other facing forward.

How Are Books Made?



The books you see nowadays didn’t take form until Johann Gutenberg’s invention made it possible to print several copies of books. The first book printed in 1455 was the Bible. We no longer use Gutenberg’s press for printing. The technology has a come a long way since printing presses were cast into iron. Today, printing companies use computers to make some of the work faster. Here are the steps on how to make a book.

  1. Manuscript. The completion of the manuscript from the draft to editing is usually done by the writer with the help of the publisher. The materials submitted to the printer are usually the final, polished form. The writer, editor or agent only needs to give instructions to the layout designer for the design of the book. Ideally, the manuscript has to be in digital form. If not, the typesetter must type the text in a computer.


  1. Layout Design. The writer, editor or agent will work closely with the layout designer to decide the following: typeface, page style, colors, pictures or illustrations, cover art, and type of paper and binding. With the help of computers, it is much easier now to layout a book. There are page layout softwares such as Adobe InDesign available for such a purpose. When the layout is done, a galley proof of the book is printed.


  1. Proofing. The galley is given to the writer, publisher or agent for checking. The galley is proofread for errors in text, layout, photos and page sequence. When this is done, the corrections are applied on the layout. Sometimes the process is repeated depending on the demands of the publisher. Others don’t need to print a galley proof and proceed immediately to imposition.

  1. Imposition. When the layout is done, the first stage of book production begins. This can be done using the computer with appropriate software. The individual pages are laid out in their final printing position. This method is called imposition. Then the imposition is used to create negatives or the file is sent directly to a printing plate. The first is called computer-to-film (CTF), the latter computer-to-plate (CTP).


  1. Stripping. The negatives from the CTF process are checked to make sure that the text and photo or illustrations are in proper sequence. Changes and corrections can still be made during this process. The negatives are then exposed to a sheet of aluminum called plate. In CTP, the filming process is skipped.


  1. Printing. The plates are sent to the printing press. Black and white pages pass only once through the machine, while colored pages require more than one. Currently, there are four processes used in printing; offset, letter-press, gravure and digital. The papers or sheets are fed to the printer either singly or through rolls of paper.


  1. Binding. The printed sheets are folded into signatures so they are in proper sequence. The pages can be sewn or glued. Then the edges are trimmed. The cover is attached last to the bound pages. Finally, the finished volumes are packed and sent to the publisher.

Debunking Sunscreen Myths



The sun seems to get hotter by the minute. It is advised that we stay indoors but it is not possible. Here in Singapore, we will be more productive staying outside. Whether we choose to wander or to work, going outside is needed. So instead of hiding indoors, why not enjoy the day and not worry about the sun?


You can just consider sunscreen or umbrellas. If in this case you are still unsure about sunscreens because of some things that you heard about it, it is time that these things debunked. There are many myths about sunscreen and it is crucial that you know which are true and not.

Here are some sunscreen myths and the truths about it:

Myth number 1: One famous myth is that when wearing sunscreen, the user will not get tanned. You have to know that tan is the result of the skin’s protecting against UV rays. The skin will produce melanin (thereby the darkening of the skin) to protect it against UV rays. Remember that no matter the SPF, no sunscreen can completely keep the skin from harmful coverage. Do not expect that you won’t get tanned using sunscreen.

Myth number 2: Many people believe that the chemicals found in sunscreens are harmful than getting sunburns. This myth came out because many people know that sunscreens have chemicals used to protect the skin from the sun and some of these chemicals are harmful. This is not true. You should know that brands put most of their time in research and development. Because of this, they make sure that thorough and extensive safety is observed.


Myth number 3: Putting a strong SPF in the morning will last a day. This is again a myth. Skin experts recommend that you reapply sunscreens every two to three hours. It doesn’t mean that you put strong SPF in the morning, it is enough to last a day.

Myth number 4: There is no point in securing SPF of over 30. You have to know that the difference of SPF 30 onwards is minimal. If you buy SPF 30, you will be 97 percent protected. If you buy SPF 45, you will be 98 percent protected and SPF 60 will give you 98 percent protection. Depending on your skin type, you have to be particular about SPF but experts will recommend SPF 30.

Myth number 5: The market is developing different kinds of sunscreens for different needs of users. There are artificial sunscreens and mineral ones. Others think that natural sunscreens are the healthiest option. Again, this is a myth. All sunscreens are the healthiest option because it protects the skin from the sun. It is just a matter of preference.


Apps to Simplify Your Life



There is nothing wrong with trying to accomplish many things in so little time but we have to make sure that we do not sacrifice the family. With this, many Singaporeans aspire for a balanced work-life relationship but sometimes it is hard to balance it especially with the hectic schedule. We can only hope that there are things that can assist us in simplifying life as we know it.


The good news is that there are applications that can simplify life as we know it. With the help of some applications, things will be easier and more convenient. Here are the applications that can simplify life:

  1. Evernote

For working people out there, Evernote is a famous application. This app is beneficial because it can synchronize someone’s personal notes through devices. This application will make sure that you do not forget things. So, next time when an idea hits you, you can rely on this tech genius to take your notes. It can work with photos and audio notes.

  1. Genius Scan

If you have a documents and need scanning, you can scan with ease using Genius Scan. This application is perfect for cataloguing notes and other things seen outside the office. You can swiftly scan documents and attach it as PDF file or JPEG.

  1. Adobe Edge Inspect

Adobe Edge Inspect is for web designers. This application will allow web designers to open their work through numerous mobile devices. Web designers can use this application to adjust CSS and HTML.


  1. Flock

Flock is best to boost productivity. This application is perfect for real-time communication because of features like polls, snippet sharing and to-do’s. With this application, you can bring your clients to your conversations.

  1. LogMeIn

Sometimes there are some documents from your desktop that you suddenly need. This is no longer a problem because there is an application that lets you access your computer’s desktop using your smartphone. Aside from viewing documents, you can do other things like launching an application (from your desktop).

  1. Freedcamp

If you are looking for a total package, Freedcamp is a good application to consider. Freedcamp is actually project management software that shelter different services.

Depending on your needs, you can download these applications online. These applications are available on iOS and Android. Working is a struggle especially if you have other things to think about. With the help of these applications, things will be better, more simplified and easier. There are other apps that can help you if you only consider it.


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